Gemstones

An insight

Most gemstones are minerals fashioned in ways to release their stunning visual properties and are often set in jewellery or other adornments. Sometimes referred to as gems, jewels, precious or semi-precious stones they have many different chemical and physical properties and in modern times these are identified and characterized by gemologists. Some gemstones are exceptionally rare, others more common place, but all must be considered wonders of our planet.

 

Many gemstones have been admired from ancient times and continue to fascinate us today. Gemstone prices can fluctuate heavily depending on factors such as resources, trading currencies and stability in the country of origin. Below you can see just some of the gemstones we source.

Beryl

 

Beryl is a single mineral, with many varieties that are distinguished by their colour. The most renowned of this gem stone family are Emerald and Aquamarine. Beryl is found throughout Europe as well as in Brazil, Colombia, South Africa, and the United States.

 

Aquamarine is a blue or cyan variety of beryl.

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Quartz

 

Quartz is one of the most common and varied minerals on earth with a large range of diverse colours and properties. Amethyst and Citrine are considered the most valuable gem varieties of the Quartz family. There are microcrystalline forms of quartz known as Chalcedony with the most notable being Agate and Tiger’s Eye.

 

Rich deposits of Quartz gemstones are found in Brazil, Pakistan and India.

Garnet

 

The family of garnets possess similar physical properties to each other but differ in chemical composition hence they are not a single mineral. Some of the most popular Garnets are Pyrope, Almandine and Spessartine. The deep red coloured Pyrope is most recognisable.

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Peridot

 

Peridot is a popular gemstone that has been admired since ancient times and is the rare gem quality variety of the mineral Olivine often found in Lava. The most desirable colour of Peridot is a deep olive-green which is dependent on the amount of iron present in the mineral. Deposits are found in Australia, China, Pakistan and South Africa amongst others.

Lapis Lazuli

 

Lapis Lazuli is a deep blue gemstone, used in antiquity and much admired today. It is composed of the mineral Lazurite, white Calcite and Pyrite. Pyrite is often referred to as ‘fool man’s gold’ due to its golden hue. Mines in Afghanistan are still the major source of lapis lazuli with other important sources mined in the United States and Canada.

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Hematite

 

Hematite is the mineral form of iron oxide and colours range from black to silver-grey. Hematite was very popular in jewellery during the Victorian period and continues to be so today. Rich deposits are mined across the world.